Beji Temple is one of the most famous Bali Places of Interest situated at Sangsit village around eight kilometers east of Singaraja and if you didnt know of its location one could easily pass right by it. Look out for the small sign on the left side of the road if you are coming from Singaraja. Follow the dusty path down to the sea. The temple was built in the 15th century during the Majapahit period and is considered to be one of the oldest temples in Bali. Being a subak temple it means that it is dedicated to the goddess Dewi Sri who protects the irrigated rice fields. The temple was actually built on the site of a well.
It is said that before the arrival of the era of Dang Hyang Nirartha, region or district of Buleleng is known as the Den Hill area. At the beginning of human life in Bali where they began to live in the eastern region of Buleleng. At the beginning of the emergence concept predicted that Padma Bhuwana in the arrangement of temples in Bali. Particularly in the area east of Buleleng, One of the temples including the Beji Temple.
As ever revealed by Ida Pandita Nabe Sri Bhagawan Sri Dwija Warsa Nawa Sandhi, pretending mentioned entry in the structuring concepts namely Panegil Dharma Temple, ostensibly in the village Bulian, Coral Meduwe Pura, Pura Dalem Puri, Temple Mount Sekar (Guruyang / Teacher Hyang), Pura Beji, Pasupati temple, Pura Water Sanya (Water Sanih) and Pura Bukit Sinunggal. It is also mentioned in the days Kesari Warmadewa, Besakih No.
In its development after the arrival MPU Kuturan followed by the arrival of the era of Dang Hyang Nirartha in Waturenggong Dalem where ostensibly concept Padma Bhuwana laid back more within the scope of the entire area of Bali. Such as the development and establishment Besakih pretend Goda Jagat other existing to date. Among these are included the temple as Goda Jagat Pura Luhur Batukaru, Tanah Lot, Uluwatu, until Goa Lawah. Narrated in the days Waturenggong eastern region of Buleleng deemed inappropriate populated areas.
Even when it became a place of disposal including retreats Anglurah Ki Panji Sakti. However no exact data exactly when it happened, regardless of the environment Beji Temple known as subak temple for Sangsit Pakraman is said to be the temple compound to worship Dewi Sri as the goddess who is believed to be related to the fields of agriculture creating rice as a staple food and give prosperity.
Happenings was apparently related to decorative shapes that appear in all parts of Beji Temple sacred building, motifs of flowers or plants vines wrap around groups of buildings or palinggih who were there. At the beginning of the temple briefly, the great kori until the whole building worship, full size style florals distinctively Buleleng : cukilan wide, shallow but pointy.
Plants or flowers are used as a motif carving at Beji Temple actually is as one manifestation of the teachings of philosophy (tatwa) Hinduism, shown through symbols sacral relief, Berdigestilir florals tendrils philosophically plants symbolize fertility and prosperity. Beji Temple order itself consists of three areas (mandala) that is a compound side, middle jaba and offal. On the side there is a bale Jaba acne that has been modified the decoration style.
Between Jaba side with the middle connected by briefly temple which still shows the distinctiveness of decorative Buleleng. In the middle of a compound page, on the north side there was a bale and bale saka paebatan Roras. While standing on the south side of the bale sakapat and sakaulu, All the buildings were masted wooden, tin-roofed. Entering the page innards no temple brackets (kori agung) on the left with his right bebetelan.
Floral designs on carving also very dominating as found in the temple briefly. At the back of the great kori no protective cover that the arching. On page offal was also a bale gong (Preferred kutus tin-roofed), gedong simpen (roofed), bale congregation called parallelogram samah (Preferred Roras thatched roofed), two bale Piasan (saka nem on either side roof shingles), gedong grand (thatched roofed on the fourth ridge there is a relief dragon) is at the peak of the roof stands a statue (small size) angel wings.
On the left side of the great ancestral shrines are palinggih gedong Ida Ayu god Batara Kesaren alongside palinggih Bagus Ngurah Pengastulan lotus god. Most northeast corner there palinggih lotus god Bagus Ngurah Beraban (in which there ranks / pasimpangan). According to one of the local stakeholders, the materials used for building the shrine including temple briefly, kori agung and panyengker puranya wall is the original sandstone (Sangsit Face) of Banjar Abasan.
Through the existence of Beji Temple architecture that is specific, it virtually is a medium of communication for the community. Through the implied meaning through form view and carvings, architectural of Beji Temple is a spiritual activity container as a product of culture, giving clarity identity or identities. Beji Temple may be constructed through the process when the Balinese agreement with ar holistic design of the undagi in ancient times.
They have seen the basic spiritual needs of local communities, territorial feelings, feelings of belonging and sincere homage to the One God of the universes creation. Manifestations represent norms and aesthetic expression of human love in the universe, complementary and giver of life . Look into the human dimensions of religious behavior is as one element of the program design undagi past. In addition to views on life, the human relationship with nature, experience the mystery that all of it as part of the foundations of human behavior in their activities.
The presence of rice fields, residential and others on the one hand is a part of the physical elements of the environment that affect the realization of the architecture of the temple on the spot. So true identity owned Beji Temple is a mission for the preservation of the cultural heritage of Bali which must be maintained by continuing to apply the concept of social unity that support the advancement of civilization Bali.
In the end of course should lead to the conservation of the existence of Beji Temple both seen in the sphere of conservation of physical units (kesatuan kelompok building with physical identity) that is able to explain in detail about the physical background of buildings Pura Beji and territory. Or was included in the visual view of the unit, a visual identity in the region which is the image of the region.
Beji Temple environment as a work of historical architecture religious should remain in its historical location, as well as keeping the original visual background that is already aligned such as pattern, shape, scale, color, texture, material and ornamentation of sacred buildings or building complement. Beji Temple decorative Sangsit does have attributes, identity providers puranya architecture.
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